Women with tertiary qualifications are more likely to work after having children, according to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
The research showed 75% of mothers with degrees are working, compared to less than half of women who did not study past Year 11 remaining in the workforce after having children.
Overall, Australian women are more likely to have a Bachelor degree or higher than their male counterparts, with one in four women reporting that they have a university degree, compared to one in five men.
In contrast, men were twice as likely as women to report their highest level of educational attainment as a Certificate III or IV.
Study after high school is on the rise: nearly three million Australians over 15 are currently studying, with about 1.2 million students in university.
Women are slightly more likely to be in formal study than men, as 20% of females are currently studying towards a qualification, while only 18% of males are in a similar study program.
Myles Burleigh from the ABS said further study was a popular choice for school leavers.
"For 2013's school leavers, just over half enrolled in formal study in May, with most of those going to university," he said.
"For those that didn't go onto further study, more than half had found jobs, and the majority of those people were working part time.”